The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures is 2 to 4 times higher in female athletes as compared with their male counterparts. As a result, a number of recent studies have addressed the hypothesis that female and male patients sustain ACL injuries via different mechanisms. The efficacy of prevention programs may be improved by a better understanding of whether there are differences in the injury mechanism between sexes.
No statistically significant differences between male and female patients were detected in the position of injury with regard to knee flexion (P = .66), valgus (P = .87), internal tibial rotation (P = .26), or anterior tibial translation (P = .18). These findings suggest that a similar mechanism results in an ACL rupture in both male and female athletes with this pattern of bone bruising.
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