Digging Up Masada #14 Along the western shore of the Dead Sea, amid the vast and unforgiving wilderness of Judea, we find a precipitous plateau, isolated by millions of years of erosion that turned it into an impregnable fortress. The Hebrew word for “fortress” is Masada, by which it is still called to this day. Its greatest claim to fame derives from events that transpired at the end of the Great Revolt against Rome, when for three brave years (70-73 C.E.), the freedom fighters on this ancient Gibraltar managed to hold off 10,000 Roman troops armed with every contemporary siege weapon. The story is immortal, the remains incredible!