In 1959 a new Prisons Act came into force. Sweeping away out of date procedures, clarifying roles and improving prisoner’s rights. The act laid out clearly punishments and the powers of prison officers.
Every officer was expected to know the regulations like the back of his hand. Part 12 of the Act – Treatment, Discipline and Conduct of Prisoners would form the crucial foundation that would determine the day to day management in the prison. The rules and regs would decide what prisoners and officers could and couldn’t do.